Even nowadays in Mongolia more than half of the population lives in the Yurts!
The Yurt or Gher is a typical nomadic dwelling built with a round wooden skeleton, covered with sheep’s wool felt carpets.
The ease with which the tent can be disassembled and reassembled is the strong point that makes it so useful to life for the inhabitants of this immense and beautiful country.
In the traditional Yurt the door is always facing south. In the tent there may be several beds, cabinets and low tables.
The Yurt has a symbolic value, so entering it implies a rigorous ritual protocol according to the principles of respect, civilization, and education: one always enters with the right foot bypassing the threshold of the door; once inside you have to immediately sit down, don’t pass between the two central pillars that represent the link between the sky and the earth, don’t throw rubbish into the fire, symbol of life and purity; men should not always keep their heads covered, guests sit on the right and the elderly in front, near the altar. The food or the offered object must be taken with the right hand or with both hands, the Airak cup cannot be refused.
Types of Mongolian Yurts
There are different kinds of yurts, adaptable to the climates in which they are used.
The fundamental part (walls) of the tent is a frame structure of cross-wood with an oblique grid and arranged in a circular shape along the circumference of the tent itself. At this point, in the middle, the two poles are planted that carry the circular keystone to the center, to which the poles are connected, which in turn are radially connected to the circular base structure.
This structure is covered with felt mats and carpets, able to keep the heat inside the structure.
The floor is then covered with mats, carpets, beds and all the furnishings.
Modern yurts are also made with more manageable and resistant metal structures, they are often placed on wooden bases, the larger yurts can have a lot of comforts inside.